PC User General Information
The following information is intended for users of PCs. Most PC users at ICESS
also make frequent use of the Unix platforms available here. Please read all the
Unix web pages that may pertain to your dual platform usage.
ICESS is currently recommending the following pc platforms and software options.
Note that if you do not purchase the hardware specified below, or consult with
us prior to purchasing other hardware we may not be able to provide any service
other than an internet ip address.
In order for computing equipment to be supported (we'll help you make it work)
the following must be true:
- The CRM has approved your hardware or software purchase.
- The CRM has copies of your purchase requisition.
- Microsoft Windows NT, Workstation or Server (at least 64MB of RAM, 10GB
Hard Disk, and P120 or better required)
- Red Hat Linux (at least 32MB of RAM,
1GB Hard Disk, and P120 or better required, as well as Red Hat-specific requirements)
- Current version of Microsoft
- The public domain and shareware titles found in: ftp://ftp.icess.ucsb.edu/pub/software/
- xwin32 X Server
- Reflection Suite X Server
- Windows 95 on old DEC Laptops acquired during Sequoia 2000
- Windows NT on old DEC Laptops acquired during Sequoia 2000
Linux and Windows NT: How to Get Them to Work on the Same Machine
Note: This "How To" is based on "The Linux + Windows NT mini-HOWTO" by Bill Wohler.
You don't have to read Wohler's "How To" before you start, but I recommend you
Prepare your computer for Linux installation
- Partition your Hard Drive in Linux
Use Red Hat Linux's fdisk to set your partition. Delete all partitions on
the hard drive. Now divide your hard drive into three partitions. One partition
should be 500M. The second should be the size of your computer's RAM. The
rest should be allocated to DOS. Remember, all the above partitions are primary
partitions. When you're making the partition, fdisk allows you to pick which
partition it will be. For example, when you use the "add a new partition"
option, it will let you choose from 1 to 4. Each number represents a primary
partition. Choose 1 for the DOS partition, 2 for linux native partition (the
one that's 500M), and 3 for the linux swap partition ( the partition that's
the size of your RAM).
Next, tag the partitions. The 500M partition should be tagged as Linux native.
The partition that is the size of your RAM should be tagged Linux swap. The
DOS partition should be tagged DOS. There are two choices, depending of the
size of the partition. Choose accordingly.
- Format Your DOS partitions
Turn off your computer. Then boot of a DOS disk. Next, use the DOS fdisk to
make the DOS partition active. Then format the hard drive. Don't worry, it
should only format the DOS partition.
Install Red Hat Linux
- Ask the system administrator for an IP address and name for your
computer. You should also ask for any information needed for installing
NOTE: Run the RED HAT LINUX Disk. This section will skip all the trivial procedures
and will only deal with what may not be clear right away.
- The first window you might have problems with is the one titled "Partition
Disk". You may have used this Window to access fdisk to set the partition
of your hard drive by selecting "Edit". What you should do now is hightlight
the partition you want to mount, ie. the dos partition, and edit the 'Mount
Point' by giving the partition a name following a '/ '.
- The next window you might have problems with is "Components to Install".
Just go down the list and pick everything. If there is something you don't
want, it's easier to erase it later rather than to go through the installing
- If you followed the above steps correctly, the rest of the installation
should be trivial. If you run into problems, check if you followed the above
steps correctly. If you're stuck in a certain window, and not sure what
you should do, contact the systems group at email@example.com.
- Preparing for Window NT installation The computer should prompt
you for a reboot after you install Linux. Do so. Then login as root and
use the password you set for this account. Then edit the file "lilo.conf".
I suggest you use Pico, it's really user friendly. Remove the "timeout=100"
line. Then add :
Edit the "label=????" to "label=NT". If you do not have a line starting with
"other" in lilo.conf, then you should add it.
When you reboot, LILO will promt you for the system you want to boot in.
If you wish to use Windows NT, enter 'NT'. Else, if you wish to use linux,
enter 'linux'. Remember not to use NT util you have installed it.
You are now ready to install Window NT. Remember, halfway through the installation
process, NT will reboot. LILO will then prompt you for the system you want
to boot in. Enter NT, and continue with the installation of NT.
Installing Windows NT
NOTE: The format of this part of the "HOW TO" will differ from the above. Each
section will be headed by the a topic dealing with Windows NT installation and
followed by important information.
- Mass Storage Device
If you use SCSI, you have to use the 'S' option and select the drivers for
your CD/HD and/or the type of SCSI controller you have.
- Choosing a File System for the Window NT Partition
This is very important. If you followed the above steps and formatted the
DOS partition, then you should choose the "Leave the currrent file system
intact" option. Else, choose the FAT file system. But DO NOT select NTFS.
If you do, the computer demon of ICESS will have been summoned to live in
your hard drive and no amount of burnt offerings will drive the demon out.
- Selecting Network Protocols
In one of the Windows NT boxes, you will be prompted to select Network Protocols.
You will have three options:
NWlink IPX/SPX Compatible Transoprt
All three will already be selected. Unselect "NWlink IPX/SPX Compatible Transoprt".
In other words, selected ONLY TCP/IP and NetBEUI Protocols.
Adjusting the Network Bindings
Make sure that the "all services" option is selected in the "Show Bindings
for:" mini-window. Then select next. The "all services" is the default so
you should not have to do anything. But check just in case, and change it
if you have to.
NOTE: The above information should be enough for you to install Windows NT with
LINUX on your machine. All other information concerning networking should be
obtained from Darla or Ed at ICESS. P.S. Installing networking ablity on NT
4.0 is very much the same as on a Windows 95 machine. In fact the whole installation
is pretty much the same so if you have problems with installing NT 4.0, refer
to help1.txt. PLEASE ENABLE THE SCREEN SAVERS. And if possible, the screen saver
should display the machine name.